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Aim. Study epizootological and epidemiological features of brucellosis on the territory of the Republic of Tajikistan under the conditions of social-economic transformation with evaluation of width and scale of its spread, as well as reasons of the present situation. Materials and methods. Official statistics data, results of expert evaluations, reports, analytical material of national and international organizations, results of clinical and epidemiological analysis were used. Descriptive-evaluative epidemiologic methods, serologic studies of samples obtained from humans, animals, environmental objects between 2000 and 2013; mapping using GIS-technology, as well as statistical analysis were used. Techniques of calculation of DALY index and population infection risk parameter were used. Results. Features of situation by brucellosis were detected, that lay in its wide spread among humans and agricultural animals, changes in morbidity structure, as well as character of its seasonal and territorial spread, connected with predominant effect of social risk factors. Conclusion. Contemporary situation for brucellosis in the Republic of Tajikistan is characterized by a pronounced non-welfare and determined by acting social-economic conditions. The main factors are changes in the conditions of conducting agricultural activity against the background of high level of unemployment and external work migration.

About the authors

K. M. Kurbonov

Tajik Research Institute of Prophylactic Medicine

Author for correspondence.
Russian Federation

S. S. Satorov

Tajik State Medical University

Russian Federation

E. G. Simonova

Central Research Institute of Epidemiology; Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Russian Federation

N. N. Filatov

Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University

Russian Federation


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Copyright (c) 2016 Kurbonov K.M., Satorov S.S., Simonova E.G., Filatov N.N.

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