FACTORS OF ADHESION OF BIFIDOBACTERIA

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Abstract

Data on fimbrial and afimbrial adhesion factors of bifidobacteria are presented. Pili-like structures, their composition and conditions of formation in various species of bifidobacteria are described. Several sugar-lytic enzymes serve as afimbrial adhesins in bifidobacteria. Transaldolase and enolase are detected in bifidobacteria on cells’ surface. Transaldolase ensures binding of bifidobacteria with mucin and their auto-aggregation. Surface enolase has an affinity to plasminogen, thus bifidobacteria obtain a surface-bound protein with proteolytic activity. Molecular structures giving bifidobacteria hydrophobic properties are described - surface lipoprotein Bop A and lipoteichoic acids.

About the authors

Yu. V. Zakharova

Kemerovo State Medical Academy

Author for correspondence.
Email: noemail@neicon.ru
Russian Federation

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Copyright (c) 2016 Zakharova Y.V.

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