MELIOIDOSIS AND GLANDERS: CURRENT STATE AND ACTUAL ISSUES OF EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEILLANCE

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Abstract

Burkholderia pseudomallei and Burkholderia mallei are etiologic agents of glanders and melioidosis, the particularly dangerous infections of animals and humans, and are attributed to potential agents of bioterrorism. The manifestation of diseases ranges from acute septicemia to chronic infection, any organs and tissues are affected, andtreatment requires long intravenous and oral antibiotic courses. The endemic zone of glanders and melioidosis covers spacious regions in the world, and the number of imported cases to temperate regions is constantly increasing. For the Russian Federation, glanders and melioidosis are «forgotten» and «unknown» infections, and this review presents current data on their distribution in the world, epidemiological aspects, and laboratory diagnosis features.

About the authors

I. B. Zakharova

Volgograd Research Institute for Plague Control

Author for correspondence.
Email: noemail@neicon.ru
Russian Federation

A. V. Toporkov

Volgograd Research Institute for Plague Control

Email: noemail@neicon.ru
Russian Federation

D. V. Viktorov

Volgograd Research Institute for Plague Control

Email: noemail@neicon.ru
Russian Federation

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Copyright (c) 2018 Zakharova I.B., Toporkov A.V., Viktorov D.V.

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